Old Testament Pillars

Wednesday, September 14, 2022

Lesson 29


I. OT Background (Four Parts)

A.     Torah, Law

B.     History

C.     Writings, Poetry…

D.     Prophets


II. The OT Pillars

A.     Hesed Love

B.     Emeth Truth

C.     Shalom Peace

D.     Mishpath Justice

E.      Zedakah Righteousness

F.      Qawah Hope, Trust, Wait

G.     Hokma Wisdom

H.     Tov Good (Goodness)

I.        Simhah Joy

J.       Batah Trust

III. Shalom Peace

A.     Reading: Craig S. Keener, Matthew, p. 105

The blessings of the beatitudes are for a people ready for the kingdom’s coming. This passage shows what kingdom-ready people should be like, hence it shows us prerequisites for the kingdom as well as kingdom promises.


First, kingdom people do not try to force God’s whole will on a world unprepared for it. Many first-century Jews had begun to think that revolutionary violence was the only adequate response to the violence of oppression they experienced. Matthew’s first audience no doubt could recall the bankruptcy of this approach, which led to crushing defeat in the war of A.D. 66-73. But Jesus promises the kingdom not to those who try to force God’s hand in their time but to those who patiently and humbly wait for it – the meek, the poor in spirit, the merciful, the peacemakers.


Of course Jesus’ demand does not merely challenge the bloodshed of revolution. Peacemakers means not only living at peace but bringing harmony among others, this role requires us to work for reconciliation with spouses, neighbors and all people – insofar as the matter is up to us.


B.     Passages: Prophets

1.      Isaiah 9: 6, 7 (5, 6)

2.      Isaiah 26: 1-4 (3)

3.      Jeremiah 6: 13-15 (14)

4.      Jeremiah 29: 1-14 (7, 11)…

5.      Ezekiel 37: 24-28 (26)…

6.      Malachi 2: 4-6 (5, 6)…